Congenital Pyriform Sinus Fistula: Systematic Review and Proposal for Treatment Using a Novel Endoscopic Approach


Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Verona, Verona, Italy

B-ENT 2022; 18: 114-120
DOI: 10.5152/B-ENT.2022.22904
Read: 1030 Downloads: 421 Published: 01 April 2022

The pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) is a congenital developmental defect of the third or fourth branchial pouch. It presents as acute inflammatory swelling of the neck with recurrent deep neck abscesses, recurrent neck cystic lesions or suppurative thyroiditis. The literature reports various surgical approaches to treat this condition in children. A systematic review of the literature related to management protocols for PSF was con- ducted and we report a case exemplifying treatment in our department. Traditionally, treatment for PSF has been open surgery; however, in the last few decades, the minimally invasive transoral endoscopic approach has gained in importance, demonstrating long-term outcomes compa- rable to open surgery and with lower morbidity, and it has now become the first-choice treatment. We further describe a case of PSF treated by a transoral endoscopic approach with electric cauterization, fibrin glue obliteration of the fistula and Polydimethylsiloxane (Vox-Implants®, Bioplasty, Geleen, The Netherlands) submucosal injection. According to the authors, application of Vox-Implants® injection, in addition to stan- dard techniques, may be helpful to reduce fistula recurrence rate after surgery.

Cite this article as: Soloperto D, Fulco G, Pera BL, Confuorto G, Marchioni D. Congenital pyriform sinus fistula: Systematic review and proposal for treatment using a novel endoscopic approach. B-ENT 2022;18(2):114-120.

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