B-ENT

Different aspects of respiration: relationships between the upper and lower respiratory tracts, and the middle ear cleft, nasal versus oral breathing

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, CHU Mont-Godinne UCL, Yvoir, Belgium

2.

School of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics (SOPA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels

3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University, UZGent 1P1, Ghent

4.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck surgery, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels

B-ENT 2012; 8: Supplement 21-25
Read: 525 Downloads: 388 Published: 14 February 2020

Different aspects of respiration: relationships between the upper and lower respiratory tracts, and the middle ear cleft, nasal versus oral breathing. This paper outlines the normal functioning of the child's upper airway: defending the lower airway by means of air conditioning, filtration, initiation of inflammatory reactions or immune responses. We investigate the hypothetical mechanisms that explain the influence of, and interrelations between, mouth breathing and obstructive sleep apnoea on craniofacial development. We advise orthodontic diagnosis and/or intervention at a young age.

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EISSN 2684-4907