B-ENT

Dissection with harmonic scalpel versus cold instruments in parotid surgery

1.

Academic Clinic of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

2.

Unit of MaxilloFacial Surgery, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

B-ENT 2014; 10: 175-178
Read: 533 Downloads: 354 Published: 04 February 2020

Dissection with harmonic scalpel versus cold instruments in parotid surgery. Background: The harmonic scalpel (HS) has been used successfully in several head and neck surgical procedures. Some authors highlighted its advantages in reducing operative time, blood loss, and damages to surrounding tissue. In our study, we compared the results obtained during parotidectomy using the HS with the traditional approach to determine the benefits of the HS.

Methods: 130 patients with benign parotid tumors were enrolled and randomized into two groups for this prospective study. 63 patients underwent HS parotidectomy, and 67 patients received a parotidectomy using cold instruments and bipolar electrocautery hemostatic control (CI). 20 HS and 2 CI patients did not meet the inclusion criteria requirements, and were excluded.

Results: The admission time was significantly shorter in the HS group than the CI group (3.9±1.2 days and 4.7±1.4 days, respectively, p< 0.01). In the early post-operative period, 84% of HS patients and 60% of CI cases showed no facial nerve impairment (p=0.01). Significantly more CI patients than HS patients showed the onset of Frey’s syndrome (29% and 9%, respectively, p=0.01). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis confirmed the reduction in admission length (Odds Ratio (OR): 0.62; p=0.02) and the lower risk of Frey’s syndrome (OR: 0.29; p=0.04) in HS compared to CI parotidectomies.

Conclusions: In parotid surgery, the HS is useful in preventing Frey’s syndrome and reducing early transitory facial nerve dysfunction and admission times, and results in decreased medical costs and increased quality of life.

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EISSN 2684-4907