A pre-paid newborn hearing screening programme: a community-based study
J.-Y. Fan*, L.-S. Chen**, J.-C. Lai*, M.-K. Chen*,*** and H.-C. Chen****
*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; **Laboratory of Biostatistics, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; ***School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taiwan; ****Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan
Community-based; newborn; hearing screening; pre-paid; automated auditory brainstem response
265 - 269
A pre-paid newborn hearing screening programme: a community-based study. Objectives: To help obstetric hospitals and clinics to implement newborn hearing screening and to test the feasibility of a pre-paid model for screening. Patients and methods: From July 2005 toAugust 2008, we organised a coordinated newborn hearing screening team with portable automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) to provide in-patient screening after delivery and out-patient re-screening at one month of age in birthing facilities throughout Changhua County, Taiwan. This was a community- based study organised by otolaryngologists at a tertiary referral centre. Results: Ten medical facilities participated in our screening programme. 7,139 out of 12,901 neonates delivered in these facilities during the period were screened for hearing loss. 105 (1.47%) babies who did not pass the in-patient screening were re-screened at one month old. Forty (0.56%) babies referred from the re-screening were sent for diagnostic work-up and six of them failed to show up. The overall follow-up rate was 94.3% (99/105). Eleven babies with bilateral hearing loss and eight babies with unilateral hearing loss were diagnosed. The incidence of bilateral hearing loss in our programme was 1.5/1000. The screening rate descended from medical centre to clinic (p<0.0001). There was no significant dif- ference between the referral rates for different levels of birthing facilities (p = 0.5611). Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that a pre-paid model using AABR is feasible at all three levels of medical facilities. Pre-paid community-based screening might be an option for developing countries in the implementation of universal newborn hearing screening.
Vol. 6, 2010, 4th trimester

A pre-paid newborn hearing screening programme: a community-based study