Title:
Assessment of speech perception and communication skills in adolescents with cochlear implants for pre- and peri-lingual deafness
Authors:
G. Mantokoudis, M. Vischer, P. Dubach, M. Kompis, E. Seifert Eberhard and P. Senn
Institutions:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital Bern, University Hospital and University of Bern, Switzerland
Keywords:
Late Cochlear Implantation; pre- and peri-lingually deafened adolescents; language development
Pages:
251 - 259
Abstract:
Assessment of speech perception and communication skills in adolescents with cochlear implants for pre- and peri-lingual deafness. Objective: This study aimed to assess speech perception and communication skills in adolescents between ages 8 and 18 that received cochlear implants for pre- and peri-lingual deafness. Methods: We studied 15 adolescents, aged 12 to 23 years, with late cochlear implantation. Speech perception was assessed with the Bishop sentences test and a memory number sequence test at 3-9 years after cochlear implantation. A questionnaire completed retrospectively was used to investigate communication skills pre- and post implantation. Results: Six individuals achieved grammar comprehension scores comparable to children 8-10 years old with normal hearing; only 3 individuals achieved a percentile rank higher than 50% in the memory number sequence test. The self- reported communication skills improved after cochlear implantation in all adolescents. Conclusions: Speech perception skills of adolescents with late implantation for pre- and peri-lingual deafness are typi- cally inferior to those of children with normal hearing at the age of 10. However, when the evaluation of the cochlear implant outcome was broadened with the use of a questionnaire, many individuals reported that they participated more actively in conversations, spoke more actively to unknown individuals, and were more easily understood by others.
Issue:
Vol. 7, 2011, 4th trimester


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Assessment of speech perception and communication skills in adolescents with cochlear implants for pre- and peri-lingual deafness