Title:
Effect of septoplasty and per-operative antibiotic prophylaxis on nasal flora
Authors:
E. Karaman , Y. Alimoglu , G. Aygun , E. Kilic and C. Yagiz
Institutions:
1O tolaryngology Department, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Turkey; M icrobiology and Clinical Microbiology Department, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Turkey
Keywords:
Nasal septum; nasal obstruction; flora, antibiotic prophylaxis; septoplasty
Pages:
13 - 19
Abstract:
Effect of septoplasty and per-operative antibiotic prophylaxis on nasal flora. Objectives: Septoplasty is one of the most commonly performed procedures in otolaryngology practice. Prophylactic use of antibiotics is controversial. Disruption of nasal flora may predispose individuals to infection. We investigated the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis and septoplasty on nasal flora. Methodology: We included 115 consecutive patients who underwent septoplasty because of symptomatic nasal septal deviation. Patients were divided into study and control groups. Study patients received prophylactic parenteral sodium cefazoline twice a day beginning intra-operatively and while the nasal packing remained in the nose for 48 h, and expandable polyvinyl acetate (Merocel) packing covered with antibiotic ointment containing 0.2% nitrofurazone was inserted into each nostril at the end of the operation. Control patients received neither parenteral antibiotic prophylaxis nor antibiotic ointment around the Merocel packs. Both groups received oral prophylactic cefuroxime axetil for 5 d after nasal packing was removed. Nasal flora was determined pre-operatively, post-operatively when nasal packing was removed, and 3 mo after surgery. Results: Study patients were compared to control patients at pack removal and 1 mo after surgery The effect of antibiotic use in septoplasty on nasal flora was as follows: Increased isolation rate of gram-positive rods (p=0.007), decreased methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative staphylococci (p=0.002). Pre-operative and post-operative culture results at 3 mo were compared. The effect of septoplasty on nasal flora was as follows: Decreased coagulase-negative staphylo- cocci (p=0.05), decreased Klebsiella (p<0.001), decreased gram-positive rods (p<0.001), increased methicillin-sensi- tive Staphylococcus aureus (p<0.001). Conclusions: Septoplasty increases S. aureus colonization and decreases normal flora.Antibiotics do not protect against S. aureus colonization and contribute to a decrease in normal flora.Antibiotics do not seem to confer benefit in terms of flora changes. Studies investigating flora changes with a longer follow-up should be conducted.
Issue:
Vol. 8, 2012, 1st trimester


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Effect of septoplasty and per-operative antibiotic prophylaxis on nasal flora