Title:
Eosinophilic fungal rhinosinusitis (EFRS): a distinct CT/MRI-entity? A european experience
Authors:
S. Vlaminck*, J. Casselman**, K. De Groef***, I. Van den Berghe***, R. Kuhweide* and S. Joniau*
Institutions:
*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, St-Jan General Hospital, Bruges, Belgium; **Department of Radiology, St-Jan General Hospital, Bruges, Belgium; ***Department ofAnatomopathology, St-Jan General Hospital, Bruges, Belgium
Keywords:
Rhinosinusitis; fungus; medical imaging
Pages:
73 - 82
Abstract:
Eosinophilic fungal rhinosinusitis (efrs): a distinct ct/mri-entity? A european experience. Objective: To deter- mine the value of radiological features in the diagnosis of Eosinophilic Fungal Rhinosinusitis (EFRS). Study design: Retrospective review of the radiological materials of 65 patients with documented Eosinophilic Fungal Rhinosinusitis treated at the same institution. Methods: Evaluation by the ENT surgeon and the head and neck radiologist. Results: EFRS was more common in female patients in this series. Fifty-four (83%) patients were above 30 years of age, with a peak of 18 patients (27.7%) in the seventh decade.All the patients except one (98.5%) showed bilateral mucosal thickening on unenhanced CT scans. Thirty-eight patients (58%) showed increased intrasinus attenuation on unenhanced CT scans. Thirty-seven patients (57%) showed opacification of at least one sinus; 25 (38%) showed osteitis; 11 (17%) had erosion of the sinus wall and only one patient showed minor expansion of an involved sinus. In 6 patients, typical hyperattenuation patterns on CT scans, together with distinctive MRI images, were highly suggestive of EFRS. Conclusion: Our data show that hyperattenuation on CT images with bone window settings suggests the presence of EFRS. This hyperattenuation is more clearly seen with soft-tissue window settings. When necessary, adjunctive MRI can provide information which might be highly predictive for the diagnosis of EFRS. However, non-specific imaging find- ings of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) should also be seen as possible EFRS pathology.
Issue:
Vol. 1, 2005, 2nd trimester


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Eosinophilic fungal rhinosinusitis (EFRS): a distinct CT/MRI-entity? A european experience