Title:
Evaluation of the rotatory vestibular test: exploration of stimulus parameters
Authors:
L. Maes, B. M. Vinck, E. De Vel, W. D’haenens, A. Bockstael and I. Dhooge
Institutions:
University of Ghent, Faculty of Medicine, ENT department, Ghent, Belgium
Keywords:
Rotatory; sinusoidal harmonic acceleration; pseudorandom; velocity step; stimulus parameters
Pages:
119 - 126
Abstract:
Evaluation of the rotatory vestibular test: exploration of stimulus parameters. Objectives : The aim of this study was to construct a rotational test protocol after exploring the stimulus parameters of the rotatory vestibular test. Methodology: Twenty-four normal subjects were submitted to three different rotational paradigms: the sinusoidal harmonic acceleration test (SHAT), the pseudorandom rotation test (PRRT), and the velocity step test (VST). We inves- tigated the influence of frequency and velocity on gain, phase and asymmetry values for the SHAT and the PRRT. In the case of the VST, we examined the influence of velocity and deceleration on gain, slow component velocity at decelera- tion, time constant, nystagmus preponderance, and time constant asymmetry. Results: Frequency affected the SHAT response parameters, with significant phase differences between the frequencies 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 Hz, while velocity, if kept below 150°/s, had no influence on the results. In the case of the VST, responses were influenced by stimulus velocity and not by stimulus deceleration, with significantly higher gain values for the velocities 50 and 250°/s. Conclusions: A velocity of 50°/s tested at the frequencies 0.01, 0.02, 0.05,20.1, and 0.2 Hz was suggested for the SHAT and PRRT protocol, whereas a velocity of 100°/s with a deceleration of 200°/s was preferred for theVST. The relevance of this rotational protocol has yet to be established from patient data.
Issue:
Vol. 3, 2007, 3rd trimester


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Evaluation of the rotatory vestibular test: exploration of stimulus parameters