Title:
Gender differences in coping skills of parents with hearing-impaired children
Authors:
1 2 3 4 2 M. K. Md Daud , S. S. M. Noor , M. N. C. M. Yusoff , N. Abd Rahman and M. N. Zakaria 1 3
Institutions:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Neurosciences, School of 2edical Sciences, Health Campu4, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia; School of Health Sciences, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Keywords:
Hearing loss; sensorineural; coping skills; gender; parents
Pages:
319 - 323
Abstract:
Gender differences in coping skills of parents with hearing-impaired children.Objective: To assess differences between the coping strategies of the mothers and fathers with hearing-impaired children. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted looking at parents of children with moderate to profound hearing impairment. The parents with more than one child with a hearing impairment, the parents of children with additional dis- abilities and syndromes, single parents, and parents with their own hearing impairments were excluded from the study. A Brief COPE Scale questionnaire translated into Malay was used to assess the coping strategies. The questionnaire includes 28 items and was rated using a four-point Likert scale. Independent t-testing was used to compare the coping strategies of mothers and fathers. Simple linear regression was used to determine the association between age and coping strategies. Results: There were 72 participants. The number of mothers and fathers was equal. Religion, active coping and accep- tance were the highest three scores in the domains, while substance use and behavioural disengagement were least used in both groups. The domains of religion, seeking emotional support and seeking instrumental support scored signifi- cantly higher in mothers than in fathers (p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of problem-focused strategies (p = 0.016) but not in terms of emotional-focused strategies (p = 0.134). There were signifi- cant negative linear correlations between age and seeking emotional support, humour and instrumental support (p<0.05). Conclusion: There were gender differences in the coping strategies among parents with hearing-impaired children. These are important factors that should be considered when counselling and establishing support groups for the parents of these children.
Issue:
Vol. 9, 2013, 4th trimester


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Gender differences in coping skills of parents with hearing-impaired children