Title:
Surgical management of surgery and radiation induced peristomal neck ulcerations
Authors:
A. Deganello*, O. Gallo*, J. M. De Cesare*, G. Burali*, G. Gitti*, R. Mani*, J. A. Langendijk** and E. de’Campora*
Institutions:
*University of Florence, Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck surgery, Firenze, Italy; **University Medical Center of Groningen, Department of Radiation Oncology, Groningen, the Netherlands
Keywords:
Radiotherapy complications; neck ulcerations; pectoralis major flap; deltopectoral flap; skin necrosis
Pages:
169 - 174
Abstract:
Surgical management of surgery and radiation induced peristomal neck ulcerations. Problems/objective: Non- healing cervical skin ulcerations with concomitant necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and muscle is a rare but feared complication of radiotherapy that can arise in cervical regions. Constant erosion of the surrounding tissue by the expansion of the necrotic front can threaten important structures. Very few reports in the literature deal with the surgical management of these injuries. Methodology: This paper reports on two cases of non-healing, slow-growing cervical ulcerations that occurred as a result of radiotherapy and surgery. Results: After unsuccessful conservative treatment, definitive surgical repair was performed to achieve reparation of the defect and protect deep structures. The onset and characteristics of the ulcerations as well as the reconstructive options are discussed. Conclusions: In the treatment of surgery and radiotherapy induced chronic cervical wounds, non surgical medical treatment should be always attempted for at least 6 months, and should always include hyperbaric oxygen therapy. If conservative methods fail, surgical repair by means of transposition of well vascularized tissue is mandatory to prevent serious complications such as major vessel rupture or fistulas.
Issue:
Vol. 4, 2008, 3rd trimester


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Surgical management of surgery and radiation induced peristomal neck ulcerations