Title:
To study the role of antibiotic+steroid irrigation of the middle ear in active chronic otitis media with small perforation and pulsatile discharge
Authors:
M. Gupta , S. Singh , H. Singh , B. Chauhan
Institutions:
Department of ENT, Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Ramnagar, Banur, Distt. Patiala, Punjab; Hunt Center, Danvers, Massachusetts, USA
Keywords:
Chronic suppurative otitis media, topical antibiotics, ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone
Pages:
35 - 40
Abstract:
To study the role of antibiotic+steroid irrigation of the middle ear in active chronic otitis media with small perforation and pulsatile discharge. Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of antibiotic+steroid irrigation of the middle ear in patients with otitis media with small perforation and pulsatile discharge. Method: A prospective, randomised, evaluator-blinded study was carried at a single tertiary care centre over eight years, looking at 100 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media involving small tympanic membrane perforations and pulsatile mucopurulent discharge. The patients were randomised and divided into two groups. In group A, the examination under microscope, with suction cleaning of the external canal, was followed by irrigation of the middle ear with antibiotic+steroid solution for up to one week, while group B was prescribed self-administration of the same drops with systemic antibiotics. The patients were followed up daily for 10 days to monitor otorrhoea relief and on a weekly basis subsequently to monitor the healing of the tympanic membrane. Results: Forty-nine patients in group A had a dry ear after 3-7 days of daily suction and the irrigation of middle ear with the antibiotic+steroid solution and 44 had a healed tympanic membrane after an average three months of follow-up. Five patients with dry ear but persistent perforation underwent tympanoplasty, while only one patient with a persistent ear discharge underwent mastoid exploration. In group B, eight patients on oral antibiotics and self-administration of the same drops had dry ear while 34 had dry ear after receiving intravenous antibiotics. Thirty perforations healed spontaneously and 12 required tympanoplasty. In 8 patients, the tympano-mastoid was explored and these patients had dry, hearing ears only after surgery. Conclusion: Patients with chronic suppurative otitis media involving small perforations and pulsatile discharge can be managed conservatively with simple suction cleaning + middle ear irrigation with antibiotics + steroid drops.
Issue:
Vol. 10, 2014, 1st trimester


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To study the role of antibiotic+steroid irrigation of the middle ear in active chronic otitis media with small perforation and pulsatile discharge